The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Rothberg International School

Division of Undergraduate Studies

Spring 2017

 

 

 

48192: NEGOTIATING MIDDLE EAST PEACE

Prof. Arie M. Kacowicz

 

 

Seminar, Tuesdays, 8:30-12:00

Office Hours: TBA

E-mail: mskaco@mscc.huji.ac.il; arie.kacowicz@mail.huji.ac.il

 

Goals and Contents of the Course

 

This Reading Seminar focuses upon the topic of negotiations and conflict resolution in the context of the Arab-Israeli conflict since 1977 to the present.  The course is divided into three parts.  First, we will present the general theoretical framework for explaining and understanding negotiations in international relations. In addition, we will refer in general terms to the history of the Arab-Israeli conflict and the main issues and patterns of negotiations.  Second, we will address several case-studies of successes and failures of negotiations between Israel and its several Arab neighbors – Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, and the Palestinians.  In this context, we will attempt to understand the failure of the peace process between Israelis and Palestinians.  Finally, in the last part of the course we will play a simulation and students will present their papers.

 

Students Assignments and grades

 

Students’ assignments include the following:

 

A.    Active participation in the seminar, which is based upon an interactive dynamics and intensive reading of theoretical, historical, and “actuality” texts. 

 

B.     Submission of a term paper (seminar paper) of about 15 pages, from a list of topics that will be distributed the first week of class.  Students will present the outline of their paper in the last two weeks of classes.

 

The grade will be distributed as follows:

 

A.        Term paper:                 70%

D.        Class participation:      30%

 

 

 

 


Textbooks and Reader

 

The following books should be available for purchase:

 

Walter Laqueur and Barry Rubin, eds., The Israel-Arab Reader: A Documentary History of the Middle East Conflict, New York: Penguin Books, 1995, 5th edition.

Overseas Library E327.56(08) L317

 

Walter Laqueur and Barry Rubin, eds., The Israel-Arab Reader: A Documentary History of the Middle East Conflict, New York: Penguin Books, 2001, 6th edition.

Overseas Library E327.56(08) L317

 

Walter Laqueur and Barry Rubin, eds., The Israel-Arab Reader: A Documentary History of the Middle East Conflict, New York: Penguin Books, 2008, 7th edition.

Overseas Library E327.56(08) L317

 

Laura Zittrain Eisenberg and Neil Caplan, Negotiating Arab-Israeli Peace: Patterns, Problems, Possibilities, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998. E-book 001719759; Overseas Library E327.172 E36

 

Benny Morris, Righteous Victims: A History of the Zionist-Arab Conflict, 1881-2001, New York: Vintage Books, 2001. Overseas Library E327.56 M875; E-BOOK 001944577

 

Charles Enderlin, Shattered Dreams: The Failure of the Peace Process in the Middle East, 1995-2002, New York: Other Press, 2003. Overseas Library E327.172 E56

 

Alan Dowty, Israel-Palestine, Cambridge, UK: Polity Press, 2008. Overseas Library E327.56 D752

 

Daniel C. Kurtzer and Scott B. Lasensky, Negotiating Arab-Israeli Peace: American Leadership in the Middle East, Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2008.  Overseas Library E327.56 K96

 

Aaron David Miller, The Much Too Promised Land: America's Elusive Search for Arab-Israeli Peace, New York: Bantham Books.  Overseas Library E327.56 M647

 

Daniel C. Kurtzer, Scott B. Lasensky, William B. Quandt, Steven L. Spiegel, and Shibley Z. Telhami,  The Peace Puzzle: America's Quest for Arab-Israeli Peace, 1989-2011, Cornell, NY: Cornell University Press, 2013. Overseas Library ME327.172 P355

 

Yaacov Bar-Siman-Tov (2014), Justice and Peace in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, ed. Arie M. Kacowicz, London: Routledge. Overseas Library E327.172 B223

 

Elie Podeh (2015), Chances for Peace: Missed Opportunities in the Arab-Israeli Conflict, Austin: University of Texas Press. E-Book 002026017; Overseas Library E327.172 P742

 

 

 

 Topics and Schedule of Classes

 

A.    Introduction, Theoretical Framework, and Historical background

 

1.   February 19 (*)                       Introduction; International conflict

2.   February 28                             Negotiations, mediation, peaceful change

3.   March 7                                   Historical background and general patterns

 

B.     Case-Studies

 

4.  March 14                                  Israel and its Neighbors

5. March 21                                   Israel-Palestinians 1967-2016

6. March 28                                   What went wrong? Assessing the failure.

7 April 25                                      The future/simulation of peace process.

8. May 9                                        Students' presentations

9. May 16                                      Students' presentations

10. May 23                                    Students' presentations

 

*The first session of the course will take place on Sunday, February 19th (instead of Tuesday, February 21st), from 1030 to 1400.

 

Course Outline and Readings

 

A.                Introduction and Theoretical Framework

 

1. Introduction, International Conflict and Conflict Management (February 19) 

 

William Zartman, “Introduction: The Analysis of Negotiations,” in I. William Zartman, ed., The 50% Solution, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1983, pp. 1-41. Main Library JX 4473 F54ERESERVE 001745309

 

Fred Charles Iklé, How Nations Negotiate, New York: Praeger, 1964, pp. 1-6. Main Library JX 4473 I4; ERESERVE 001745313

 

Benny Morris, Righteous Victims, New York: Vintage Books, 2001, pp. 676-694 (“Conclusions”). Overseas Library E327.56 M875; E-BOOK 001944577

 

C.R. Mitchell, The Structure of International Conflict, London: Macmillan, 1983, pp. 15-68 (Chapters 1-3). Overseas Library 327 M681; ERESERVE 001221905 

 

C.R. Mitchell, The Structure of International Conflict, London: Macmillan, 1983, pp. 165-217; (Chapters 8-9). Overseas Library 327 M681

 

Yaacov Bar-Siman-Tov, “The Arab-Israeli Conflict: Learning Conflict Resolution,” Journal of Peace Research, Vol. 31, No. 1, 1994, pp. 75-92. E-journal

 

Elie Podeh (2015), Chances for Peace: Missed Opportunities in the Arab-Israeli Conflict, Austin: University of Texas Press, pp. 5-17. E-Book 002026017; Overseas Library E327.172 P742

 

 

 

2. Defining Negotiations and its Components: Negotiations, Mediation, Bargaining, Cooperation and Peaceful Change (February 28)

 

Fred Charles Iklé, How Nations Negotiate, New York: Praeger, 1964, pp. 26-58 (Chapters 3-4). Main Library JX 4473 I4; ERESERVE 001745340

 

P. Terrence Hopmann, The Negotiation Process and the Resolution of International Conflicts, Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1996, pp. 37-96. Main Library JX 4473 H67; ERESERVE 001888001

 

Roger Fisher and William Ury, “Getting to YES”, IN David P. Barash, ed., Approaches to Peace: a reader in peace studies, New York: Oxford University Press, 2000, pp. 70-76. Main Library JZ 5538 A67; ERESERVE 001745379

 

Jacob Bercovitch and Allison Houston, “The Study of International Mediation: Theoretical Issues and Empirical Evidence,” IN Jacob Bercovitch, ed., Resolving International Conflicts, Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1996, pp. 11-35. Main Library JX 4475 R47; ERESERVE 001745384

 

Saadia Touval, “Mediation in the Arab-Israeli Conflict During and After the Cold War,” Policy Studies (Davis Occasional Papers), No. 74, October 1999, pp. 1-19. Main library DS 119.7 T665

 

Daniel C. Kurtzer and Scott B. Lasensky, Negotiating Arab-Israeli Peace: American Leadership in the Middle East, Washington, DC: USIP Press, 2008. Overseas Library E327.56 K96

 

Daniel C. Kurtzer, Scott B. Lasensky, William B. Quandt, Steven L. Spiegel, and Shibley Z. Telhami, The Peace Puzzle: America's Quest for Arab-Israeli Peace, 1989-2011,Cornell: Cornell University Press, pp. 268-276. Overseas Library ME327.172 P355; ERESERVE 001923972

 

 Fred Charles Ikle, How Nations Negotiate, New York: Praeger, 1964, pp. 191-224 (Chapter 11). Main Library JX 4473 I4

 

Kenneth A. Oye, “Explaining Cooperation under Anarchy: Hypotheses and Strategies,” in K. A. Oye, ed., Cooperation under Anarchy, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1986, pp. 1-24. Main Library D 445 C736; ERESERVE 001745502

Robert O. Keohane, “Reciprocity in International Relations,” International Organization. Vol. 40, Winter 1986, pp. 1-27. E-journal

 

Arie M. Kacowicz, Peaceful Territorial Change, Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1994, pp. 3-61 (Chapters 1-3). Overseas Library 341.42 K11;

ERESERVE 001745506

 

Arie M. Kacowicz, “The Process of Reaching Peaceful Territorial Change: The Arab-Israeli Conflict in Comparative Perspective,” Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Vol. 37, No. 2, Autumn 1996, pp. 215-245. E-journal

 

 

3. Historical Background, General Patterns, and main Issues (March 7)

 

Laqueur and Rubin, eds., The Israel-Arab Reader, [Read the following documents]:

MacMahon Letter (1915), pp. 11-12; Sykes-Picot Agreement (1916), pp. 13-16; Balfour Declaration (1917), p. 16; Feisal-Weizmann Agreement (1919), pp. 17-18;  United Nations Plan of Partition (1947), pp. 69-77;  UN Security Council Resolution 242 (November 22, 1967), p. 116; Palestinian National Charter  (July 1968), pp. 117-121; UN Security Council Resolution 338 (October 22, 1973), p. 152. Overseas Library E327.56(08) L317; ERESERVE 001529997

 

Benny Morris, Righteous Victims, New York: Vintage Books, 2001, chapters 1-9, pp.3-443.  Overseas Library E327.56 M875; E-BOOK 001944577

 

Alan Dowty, Israel/Palestine, Cambridge: Polity, 2005, pp. 1-104. Overseas Library E327.56 D752; ERESERVE 001486174 (ch. 2-3, p. 21-68)

 

Yehuda Zvi Blum, “The Juridical Status of Jerusalem,” Jerusalem Papers on Peace Problems, No. 2, Jerusalem, Leonard Davis Institute, February 1974, pp. 1-32.  Overseas Library E114(341.4) B658

 

Ruth Lapidoth, “Jerusalem and the Peace Process,” Israel Law Review, Vol. 28, No. 2-3, Spring-Summer 1994, pp.  402-434. E-journal

 

Akiva Eldar, “There Is an Answer for the Old City,” Haaretz, July 27, 2000. ERESERVE 001926061

 

Charles Enderlin (2003), Shattered Dreams, New York, Other Press, 2003, pp. 177-260. Overseas Library E327.172 E56

 

Alan Dowty (2008), Israel-Palestine, Cambridge: Polity, 2008, pp. 200-203. Overseas Library E327.56 D752; ERESERVE 001972922

 

Benny Morris, Righteous Victims, New York: Vintage Books, 2001, pp. 161-258 (especially 252-258).  Overseas Library E327.56 M875; E-BOOK 001944577

 

PASSIA, Palestinian Refugees Special Bulletin, Jerusalem, May 2001. Online: http://www.passia.org/publications/bulletins/english_refu/REFUGEES1.pdf

 

Laqueur and Rubin, eds., The Israel-Arab Reader, UN General Assembly: Resolution 194 (December 11, 1948), pp.83-86. Overseas Library E327.56(08) L317; ERESERVE 001529997

 

Enderlin (2003), Shattered Dreams, New York, Other Press, 2003, pp. 177-260; 332-361. Overseas Library E327.172 E56; ERESERVE 001925805 (p. 332-361)

 

Alan Dowty (2008), Israel-Palestine, Cambridge: Polity, 2008, pp. 208-213. Overseas Library E327.56 D752; ERESERVE 001972922

 

Laura Zittrain Eisenberg and Neil Caplan, Negotiating Arab-Israeli Peace: Patterns, Problems, Possibilities, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998, “Introduction: Historical Patterns”, pp. 1-27. E-book 001719759; Overseas Library E327.172 E36

 

Kenneth W. Stein and Samuel W. Lewis, Making Peace among Arabs and Israelis: Lessons from Fifty Years of Negotiating Experience, Washington, DC: USIP, 1991. Google: http://www.usip.org/sites/default/files/file/lewis_stein_monograph.pdf; Main library DS 119.7 S75

 

William Zartman, “Negotiations as a Mechanism for Resolution in the Arab-Israeli Conflict,” Policy Studies (Davis Occasional Papers), No. 72, August 1999, pp. 1-20. Main Library DS 119.7 Z37

 

Janice Gross Stein, “The Widening Gyre of Negotiation: From Management to Resolution in the Arab-Israeli Conflict,” Policy Studies (Davis Occasional Papers),  No. 68, March 1999, pp. 1-30. Main Library DS 119.7 S76

 

Aaron David Miller (2008), The Much Too Promised Land, New York, Bantam Books, 2008, pp. 361-385. Overseas Library E327.56 M647; ERESERVE 001734806

 

Yaacov Bar-Siman-Tov (2014), Justice and Peace in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, ed. Arie M. Kacowicz,London: Routledge University Press.  Overseas Library E327.172 B223; ERESERVE 001943640 (ch. 3-4, p. 43-78.)

 

Elie Podeh (2015), Chances for Peace: Missed Opportunities in the Arab-Israeli Conflict, Austin: University of Texas Press, pp. 359-368. E-Book 002026017; Overseas Library E327.172 P742

 

5Israel and Egypt, 1973-1975 and 1977-1979; Israel/Syria/Lebanon; Israel and Jordan (March 21)

 

Martin Gilbert, The Routledge Atlas of the Arab-Israeli Conflict, pp. 95, 98, 106, 110, 115. Overseas Library E327.56(084) G465; ERESERVE 001912606

 

Laqueur and Rubin, The Israel-Arab Reader, “Egyptian-Israeli Accord on Sinai” (September 1, 1975), pp. 194-200 (pp. 374-382 in the 5th ed.);  Sadat: “Peace with Justice” (November 20, 1977), pp. 207-215 (pp. 389-397 in the 5th ed.);   “Camp David Summit Meeting: Frameworks for Peace (September 17, 1978), pp. 222-227; “Egypt and Israel: Peace Treaty” (March 26, 1979), pp. 227-228. Overseas Library E327.56(08) L317 ; ERESERVE 001529997 (p. 152, 222-228) and ERESERVE  --(pp. 374-382, 389-397).

 

Laura Zittrain Eisenberg and Neil Caplan, Negotiating Arab-Israeli Peace: Patterns, Problems, Possibilities, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998, Chapter 1, pp. 28-42. E-book 001719759; Overseas Library E327.172 E36

 

William Quandt, Peace Process, Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press; Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005, Chapter 5, pp. 130-173; and Chapters 6-7, pp. 177-242. Overseas Library ME327.172 Q1; ERESERVE 002031690 (ch. 5), 002031689 (ch. 6), 002031688 (ch. 7)

 

Benny Morris, Righteous Victims, New York: Vintage Books,2001, Chapter  10, pp. 444-493. Overseas Library E327.56 M875; E-BOOK 001944577

 

Laura Zittrain Eisenberg and Neil Caplan, Negotiating Arab-Israeli Peace: Patterns, Problems, Possibilities, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998, Chapter 2, pp. 43- 59. E-book 001719759; Overseas Library E327.172 E36

 

Martin Gilbert, The Routledge Atlas of the Arab-Israeli Conflict, pp. 124-127. Overseas Library E327.56(084) G465; ERESERVE 001912606

 

Laqueur and Rubin eds., The Israel-Arab Reader, “Lebanon and Israel: Truce Agreement”, May 17, 1983, pp. 287-289. Overseas Library E327.56(08) L317; ERESERVE 001948489

 

Benny Morris, Righteous Victims, New York :Vintage Books,2001, Chapter 11, pp. 494-560. Overseas Library E327.56 M875 ; E-BOOK 001944577

 

Akiva Eldar, “A Framework for Peace between Israel and Syria,” Haaretz, January 13, 2000. ERESERVE 001745527

 

Uri Sagie, The Israeli-Syrian Dialogue: A One-Way Ticket to Peace?, Houston: Baker Institute, 1999, pp. 1-40. E-Book 001331300

 

ADL Backgrounder, “Israel-Syria Negotiations: The Issues,” January 23, 2000. Online: http://archive.adl.org/backgrounders/isreal_syria99_12_13.html  

 

Laqueur and Rubin, eds., “Renewal of Syrian-Israeli Negotiations”, IN The Israel-Arab Reader , New York, Penguin Books, 2008, December 15, 1999, pp. 545-548.  Overseas Library E327.56(08) L317; ERESERVE 001948489

 

 Benny Morris, Righteous Victims, New York :Vintage Books,2001, pp. 632-634. Overseas Library E327.56 M875; E-BOOK 001944577

 

Charles Enderlin, Shattered Dreams: The Failure of the Peace Process in the Middle East, 1995-2002, New York: Other Press, 2003, pp. 24-30; 76-80; 125-135; 140-142. Overseas Library E327.172/E56

 

Jerome Slater, “Lost Opportunities for Peace in the Arab-Israeli Conflict: Israel and Syria, 1948-2001,” International Security, Vol. 27, No. 1, Summer 2002, pp. 79-106.

E-journal

 

Daniel C. Kurtzer and Scott B. Lasensky (2008), Negotiating Arab-Israeli Peace, Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2008, Chapter 2, pp. 59-104. (*) Overseas Library E327.56 K96

 

Laura Zittrain Eisenberg and Neil Caplan, Negotiating Arab-Israeli Peace: Patterns, Problems, Possibilities, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998, Chapters 3 and 5, pp. 60-74 and 90-102. E-book 001719759; Overseas Library E327.172 E36

 

Benny Morris, Righteous Victims, New York :Vintage Books,2001, pp. 629-632. Overseas Library E327.56 M875; E-BOOK 001944577

 

Asher Susser, “The Jordanian-Israeli Peace Negotiations: The Geopolitical Rationale of a Bilateral Relationship,” Policy Studies (Davis Occasional Papers), No. 73, August 1999, pp. 1-39. Main Library DS 154.16 I75 S97

 

Laqueur and Rubin, eds., The Israel-Arab Reader, “Israel and Jordan: The London Document” (April 11, 1987), pp. 313-314; “Israel and Jordan: The Washington Agreement” (July 26, 1994), pp. 467-470; “Israel and Jordan: Peace Treaty: (October 26, 1994), pp. 477-486.  Overseas Library E327.56(08) L317; ERESERVE 001948489

 

Elie Podeh (2015), Chances for Peace: Missed Opportunities in the Arab-Israeli Conflict, Austin: University of Texas Press, pp. 122-156; 173-183; 235-244; 245-275. E-Book 002026017; Overseas Library E327.172 P742

 

6. Israel and the Palestinians, 1967-2016 (March 28)

 

Laura Zittrain Eisenberg and Neil Caplan, Negotiating Arab-Israeli Peace: Patterns, Problems, Possibilities, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998, Chapter 4, pp. 75-89. E-book 001719759; Overseas Library E327.172 E36

 

Benny Morris, Righteous Victims, New York :Vintage Books,2001, Chapter 12, pp. 561-610. Overseas Library E327.56 M875; E-BOOK 001944577

 

Laqueur and Rubin eds., The Israel-Arab Reader, pp. 314-400 [material on the intifadah and the Madrid Conference, 1991], Overseas Library E327.56(08) L317; ERESERVE 001948489

 

Alan Dowty, Israel-Palestine, Cambridge, UK: Polity Press, 2008, pp. 105-136.  Overseas Library E327.56 D752

 

Daniel C. Kurtzer and Scott B. Lasensky (2008), Negotiating Arab-Israeli peace, Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2008, Chapter 1, pp. 15-58. (*) Overseas Library E327.56 K96

 

Laura Zittrain Eisenberg and Neil Caplan, Negotiating Arab-Israeli Peace: Patterns, Problems, Possibilities, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998, Chapter 6, pp. 103-126. E-book 001719759; Overseas Library E327.172 E36

 

Benny Morris, Righteous Victims, New York :Vintage Books,2001, Chapter 13, pp. 611-651. Overseas Library E327.56 M875; E-BOOK 001944577

 

Laqueur and Rubin, The Israel-Arab Reader, “Declaration of Principles, Israel and PLO” (Sepember 13, 1993), pp. 413-422;  “Israel and PLO: Cairo Agreement” (March 4, 1994), pp. 442-455;  “Israel and Palestinian Authority: Interim Agrement on the West Bank and Gaza Strip” (September 28, 1995), pp. 502-521;  “Israel and Palestinian Authority: Hebron Accords” (January 15, 1997), pp. 522-523;  “Israel and Palestinian Authority: The Wye River Memorandum” (October 23, 1998), pp. 529-534. Overseas Library E327.56(08) L317; ERESERVE 001529997 (p. 413-422, 442-455,502-523) and ERESERVE 001948489 (pp. 529-534).

 

Sharm el-Sheik Memorandum on Implementation Timeline of Outstanding Commitments of Agreements Signed and the Resumption of Permanent Status Negotiations, September 4, 1999. Online via MFA.gov.il

 

Karin Aggestam, “Two-Track Diplomacy: Negotiations between Israel and the PLO Through Open and Secret Channels,” Davis Papers on Israel’s Foreign Policy, No. 53, November 1996, pp. 1-38. Overseas Library E327.172 A266

 

Charles Enderlin, Shattered Dreams: The Failure of the Peace Process in the Middle East, 1995-2002, New York: Other Press, 2003, pp. 1-287. Overseas Library E327.172 E56

 

Alan Dowty, Israel-Palestine, Cambridge, UK: Polity Press, 2008, pp. 137-168.  Overseas Library E327.56 D752; ERESERVE 001951279 (ch. 6, “The first pass to peace”, p. 137-161)

 

Benny Morris, Righteous Victims, New York: Vintage Books, 2001, Chapter 14, pp. 652-675. Overseas Library E327.56 M875; E-BOOK 001944577

 

Laqueur and Rubin, The Israel-Arab Reader, pp. 549-580 [includes the Camp David Summit of 2000 and the Clinton Plan of December 23, 2000]. Overseas Library E327.56(08) L317

 

Mitchell Report on the Middle East, May 17, 2001. Online: http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/the-mitchell-report-may-2001

 

Akiva Eldar, “Unofficial EU Document Shows Israel Agreed to the Pre-1967 Borders,” Haaretz, February 14, 2002. ERESERVE 001925807

 

Charles Enderlin, Shattered Dreams: The Failure of the Peace Process in the Middle East, 1995-2002, New York: Other Press, 2003, pp. 288-361. Overseas Library E327.172 E56; ERESERVE 001925805

 

Charles Enderlin, The Lost Years: Radical Islam, Intifada, and Wars in the Middle East, 2001-2006, New York: Other Press, 2006. Overseas Library E327.56 E56

 

Alan Dowty, Israel-Palestine, Cambridge, UK: Polity Press, 2008, pp. 150-203.  Overseas Library E327.56 D752; ERESERVE 001951279 (ch. 6, p. 137-161); 001972922 (ch. 8, p. 187-203)

 

Aaaron Miller (2008), The Much Too Promised Land, pp. 321-360. Overseas Library E327.56 M647; ERESERVE 001734806

 

Daniel C. Kurtzer and Scott B. Lasensky (2008), Negotiating Arab-Israeli peace, Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2008, Chapters 1 and 3, pp. 15-58; 105-153. (*) Overseas Library E327.56 K96

 

Elie Podeh (2015), Chances for Peace: Missed Opportunities in the Arab-Israeli Conflict, Austin: University of Texas Press, pp. 208-234; 276-303; 340-358. E-Book 002026017; Overseas Library E327.172 P742

 

 

7.  What Went Wrong in the Israeli-Palestinian Negotiations and the Future of the Negotiations  (April 25)

 

Ron Pundak, “From Oslo to Taba: What Went Wrong?, Survival, vol. 43, no. 3, p. 31-45. E-journal

 

Alan Dowty and Michelle Gavierc, “The Intifada: Revealing the Chasm,” in Meria, University of Notre Dame, Department of Government, manuscript, 2001. Online: http://www.rubincenter.org/meria/2001/09/dowty-gawerc.pdf

 

Aluf Benn, “Grasping for Peace,” Foreign Policy, January/February 2002, pp. 82-84.  E-journal

 

Louis Kriesberg, “The Relevance of Reconciliation Actions in the Breakdown of Israeli-Palestinian Negotiations, 2000”,  Peace and Change, 2002, vol. 27, no. 4, p. 546-571. E-journal

 

Laura Zittrain Eisenberg and Neil Caplan, Negotiating Arab-Israeli Peace: Patterns, Problems, Possibilities, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998, pp. 127-143. E-book 001719759; Overseas Library E327.172 E36

 

 Benny Morris, Righteous Victims, New York :Vintage Books,2001, pp. 676-694. Overseas Library E327.56 M875 ; E-BOOK 001944577

 

Arie M. Kacowicz, “Rashomon in Jerusalem: Mapping the Israeli Negotiator’s Positions in the Israeli-Palestinian Peace Process, 1993-2001,” International Studies Perspectives, Vol. 6, 2005: 252-273.  E-journal

 

Jeremy Pressman, “Visions in Collision: What Happened at Camp David and Taba?”, International Security, Vol. 28, No. 2, Fall 2003, pp. 5-43. E-journal

 

Arie M. Kacowicz,  “Rashomon in the Middle East: Clashing Narratives of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict,” Cooperation and Conflict, Vol. 40, No. 3, 2005: 343-360. E-journal

 

Arie M. Kacowicz, “Unilateral Actions in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Disengagement, Separation, and the Fence,” manuscript, June 2004. ERESERVE 001745537

 

U.S. Department of State, A Performance-Based Roadmap to a Permanent Two-State Solution to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. April 30, 2003. Online: https://2001-2009.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2003/20062.htm

 

David Makovsky, “How To Build a Fence,” Foreign Affairs, Vol. 83, No. 2, March/April 2004, pp. 50-64. E-journal

 

Alan Dowty, Israel-Palestine, Cambridge, UK: Polity Press, 2008, pp. 204-230. Overseas Library E327.56 D752; ERESERVE 001972922

 

Steven A. Cook and Shibley Telhami, "Addressing the Arab-Israeli Conflict," in Richard N. Haass et al., Restoring the Balance: A Middle East Strategy for the Next President (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2008), pp. 131-158. Overseas Library ME327.73 H33; ERESERVE 002031691

 

Aaron David Miller, The Much Too Promised Land: America's Elusive Search for Arab-Israeli Peace, New York: Bantam Books, 2008, Chapters 9 and 10, pp. 331-385. Overseas Library E327.56 M647; ERESERVE 001734806

 

Aaron David Miller, "The False Religion of Middle Eastern Peace," Foreign Policy, vol. 179, May/June 2010, p. 150-159. E-journal

 

Henry Fishman and Ephraim Lavie (2010), The Peace Process: Seventeen Plans in Ten Years: An Assessment of the Initiatives to Resolve the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict over the Past Decade, Tel-Aviv: The Peres Center for Peace, 2010. Online: http://www.upsite.co.il/uploaded/files/1339_e72d9b241ada1a51328fe21fe6b9795f.pdf

 

Ben Birnbaum and Amir Tibon (2014), "The Explosive, Inside Story of How John Kerry Built an Israel-Palestine Peace Plan – and Watched it Crumble", The New Republic, July 20, 2014. Online: www.newrepublic.com/article/118751/how-israel-palestine-peace-deal-died.